Subject description - XP34ASD

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XP34ASD Physics of Advanced Semiconductor Devices and Materials
Roles:S Extent of teaching:1P+3C+3D
Department:13134 Language of teaching:CS
Guarantors:Voves J. Completion:ZK
Lecturers:Voves J. Credits:4
Tutors:Voves J. Semester:Z,L

Anotation:

Modern semiconductor devices and integrated circuits are based on unique energy band, carrier transport, and optical properties of semiconductor materials. Students will be prepared to choose these properties for operation of semiconductor devices. Emphasis is on quantum mechanical foundations of the properties of solids, energy bandgap engineering, semiconductor statistics, semi-classical transport theory (Boltzmann transport equation), carrier scattering, electro-magneto transport effects, high field ballistic transport, optical absorption, and radiative and non-radiative recombination. These princliples will be studied on the experimental basis as well. Students will prepare own structures according their thesis subjects and they will characterise them during their individual projects

Study targets:

To gain the theoretical knowledge and practical applications of modern technologies, nanostructures and material characterisation methods.

Content:

Introduction into theory of nanostructures and quantum based devices in electronics. Application of this knowledge in device design, preparation and characterisation in framework of individual projects in connection with the student's research work.

Course outlines:

1. Basic concepts. Electron and hole transport in semiconductor crystals
2. Band structure, effective mass, mobility
3. Boltzmann's transport equation. Scattering mechanisms,
4. Scattering on phonons, ionised impurities, velocity saturation
5. Relaxation time approximation
6. Carrier transport in a strong electric field, velocity saturation
7. Carrier transport in magnetic field, Quantum Hall effect
8. Carrier transport in nanometre structures
9. Quantum transport, density matrix, Green's and Wigner's functions
10. Resonance tunnelling, transport of electrons in superlattices
11. Single electron transport, Coulomb's blockade
12. Ballistic transport
13. Optical phenomena
14. Transport in organic materials

Exercises outline:

1. Technogical approaches in nanotechnology
2. Lithography technique - laser direct writing
3. Etching and layer deposition including ALD
4. Individual project - device preparation in the laboratory
5. Individual project - device preparation in the laboratory
6. Individual project - device preparation in the laboratory
7. Individual project - device preparation in the laboratory
8 Project midterm presentation
9. Characterisation techniques - electrical, optical including Raman
10. Individual project - device characterisation in the laboratory
11. Individual project - device characterisation in the laboratory
12. Individual project - device characterisation in the laboratory
13. Individual project - device characterisation in the laboratory
14. Project final presentation

Literature:

M. Lundstrom: Fundamental of Carrier transport, 2nd Ed., Cambridge university press 2000
P. Harrison: Quantum Wells, Wires and Dots, Wiley 2000
M. L. Cohen, S.G.Louie: Fundamentals of Condensed Matter Physics, Cambidge Univ. Press 2016
K. Goser, P. Glösekötter, J. Dienstuhl: Nanoelectronics and Nanosystems, Springer, 2004.
Ch. Kittel: Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th ed., Wiley 2005

Requirements:

Solid State Physics

Note:

Physics of Advanced Semiconductor Devices and Materials

Keywords:

Nanotechnology, quantum transport, material characterisation

Subject is included into these academic programs:

Program Branch Role Recommended semester
DOKP Common courses S
DOKK Common courses S


Page updated 16.6.2024 17:52:04, semester: Z,L/2023-4, Z/2024-5, Send comments about the content to the Administrators of the Academic Programs Proposal and Realization: I. Halaška (K336), J. Novák (K336)