Subject description - B3B31SAS

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B3B31SAS Signals and systems
Roles:P Extent of teaching:2P+2C
Department:13131 Language of teaching:CS
Guarantors:Sovka P. Completion:Z,ZK
Lecturers:Bortel R., Sovka P. Credits:5
Tutors:Bortel R., Bořil T., Brunner O., Šimek M. Semester:Z

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The course focuses on explaining basic terms used for the description and analysis of determined signals and systems (including filters) in continuous- and discrete-time. The graduate will acquire a basic overview of the issues and learn how to work with concepts, perform simple analysis of systems and signals, and interpret and discuss the results.

Study targets:

Become familiar with the basic concepts and learn how to use MATLAB for analysis and design of systems and for signal processing.

Course outlines:

1. Continuous- and discrete-time signals and systems. Cross-energy and correlation
2. LTI system representation in the time domain, convolution
3. Representation of LTI systems in the frequency domain, frequency response
4. Transfer function of continuous-time systems, poles and zeros, the relationship between time and frequency domain, ideal integrator and differentiator
5. Bode and Nyquist frequency plot, asymptotic Bode plot
6. Stability, feedback, gain and phase margins
7. Relationship between transfer function and state-space representation of LTI continuous-time systems, asymptotic and BIBO stability
8. Nonlinear systems and their linearization for small signals
9. Sampling and reconstruction of signals, representation in time and frequency domain
10. Methods for discretization of continuous-time systems
11. Introduction to analog filters, types and properties of approximations
12. Digital filters: types, characteristics, design, examples of 1-D and 2-D, filter simulation, quantization and its consequences
13. Application of digital filtering for noise reduction and signal restoration of signals, modulations
14. Reserve

Exercises outline:

1. Continuous- and discrete-time signals and their generation in MATLAB
2. System simulation in Simulink
3. The use of Fourier transform and the Fourier series, frequency respons
4. Transfer function, stability, types of system interconnections
5. Bode and Nyquist frequency plot, laboratory measurement
6. Measurement of frequency response, gain and phase margins
7. Relationship between transfer function and state-space representation
8. Examples of system linearization for small signal
9. Signal sampling and reconstruction
10. Methods of system discretization
11. The tools for the design of analog filters, laboratory measurement on SC filters
12. Design and simulation of digital filters IIR and FIR filters
13. Examples of simple methods for noise reduction, examples of modulations
14. Reserve


1. V. Oppenheim, G. C. Verghese: Signals, Systems and Inference. Prentice Hall 2015, ISBN-13: 978-0133943283
2. Hwei P. Hsu: Signals and systems. McGraw-Hill, 2013, ISBN: 978-0071829465


Knowledge of the concepts and methods of mathematical analysis, Fourier and Laplace transforms and z-transform, solution of linear differential equations with constant coefficients, basic knowledge of physics


linear time-invariant systems, frequency response, transfer function, stability, feedback, linearization of systems, state-space representation of the system, convolution, correlation, spectrum, analog and digital filters, discretization of signals and systems

Subject is included into these academic programs:

Program Branch Role Recommended semester
BPKYR_2016 Common courses P 3

Page updated 16.6.2024 17:52:04, semester: Z,L/2023-4, Z/2024-5, Send comments about the content to the Administrators of the Academic Programs Proposal and Realization: I. Halaška (K336), J. Novák (K336)